目的:通过对两种近视筛查方法进行比较,探讨其在青少年近视眼防治中的作用。方法:采用分层整群抽样方法选择虹口区3所学校的中小学生,用两种视力筛查方法检查视力情况。结果:共有395名学生做了全部检查。小瞳检影近视眼率为49.4%,散瞳检影近视眼率为35.7%;不同年龄组近视程度不同,初中生患近视的可能性明显高于小学生;不同性别近视眼患病率差异无统计学意义。结论:对于假性近视的检查,应以散瞳验光的结果为准,在现有条件不允许散瞳验光的情况下,可以考虑采用小瞳检影进行视力筛查。 Objective: To compare the two myopia screening methods to explore its role in prevention and treatment of juvenile myopia. Methods: The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select primary and secondary school students in 3 schools in Hongkou District. Visual acuity was checked by two visual screening methods. Results: A total of 395 students did all the examinations. Pupil pupil myopia rate was 49.4%, mydriasis myopia rate was 35.7%; different age groups myopia were different, the possibility of junior high school students suffering from myopia was significantly higher than the prevalence; gender differences in the prevalence of myopia, no difference Statistical significance. Conclusion: The examination of pseudomyopia should be based on the results of mydriatic optometry prevail, in the existing conditions do not allow mydriatic optometry case, you can consider the use of pupil retinoscopy screening.